Friday, June 5, 2009

Status report on flagship programs

I had blogged earlier about why our flagship government programs, both on welfare and infrastructure, fail to meet their targets.

In 2005, the Government of India launched its ambitious Bharat Nirman programme, with a plan to invest about Rs 1.74 lakh crore over the next four years on six sectors in rural areas - roads, drinking water, irrigation, houses, telephones and electricity. Till March 2009, nearly two-thirds of the target, or about Rs 1.14 lakh crore have been spent under this flagship program for improving the basic civic infrastructure in rural India. The balance sheet on Bharat Nirman is captured in the graphic below.



While the performance on drinking water, rural housing and rural telephony has been encouraging, the achievement on rural roads and irrigation has been disappointing. The problems with tendering out works and handing over work sites (site clearance) are the biggest roadblocks to achieving the targets in these two sectors. However, the biggest disappointment was with rural electricification under the Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vydhythikaran Yojana (RGGVY), where only 27% of the villages were electricfied, leaving nearly 3.5 lakh villages without access to electricity. In the next post I will try to outline the specific reasons for the slow progress in this sector.

Update 1 (11/3/2010)
According to the CAG report, in 2007-08, under 97 grants of civil ministries, there was an unspent provision of Rs. 1,08,000 crore.

1 comment:

SUN-GOD said...

The poor performance could be the result of the respective state governments' inefficienty in carrying out the programmes. Even a state like Andhra Pradesh -- which promised to create a new ayacut of one crore acres between 2004 & 2009 -- could create only 21.91 lakh acres in five years. It has grossly failed in its ambitious and flagship programme Jalayagnam. Housing is another classic failure in Andhra Pradesh.
You will do well by throwing more light on the power sector, particularly the generation scene.
The government talks tall but when it comes to delivery falls too short. ALWAYS.